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1. Context

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Puerto Rico, a small island in the Caribbean, is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles. Puerto Rico holds a strategic position for market and trade. However, its geography and location make it vulnerable to natural hazards like hurricanes.

Puerto Rico is characterized by unequal levels of exposure to natural hazards. Namely, we see greater concentrations of highly sensitive populations in high-risk areas for floods, landslides, storm surge, and tsunami.

1.1 Our Region



1.2 Our Community's Needs



References:

ACS (2017). Educational Attainment For The Population 25 Years And Over, Individuals Below Poverty Level. Puerto Rico,  Sex By Age, Sex By Age By Disability Status And Total Population, 5-yr Estimates. US Census.

*Dependent Population calculated as children, elderly, and disabled population between 18 – 64 years of age divided by the total population of Puerto Rico.

*University Degree : No High School ratio calculated adding the ‘people achieving 9th grade level or less’ variable and ‘people who did not complete high school’ variable and dividing it by the population 25 years and older.

2. Exposure

Understanding vulnerability to impacts from extreme weather events and infrastructure failure requires that we examine both exposure to these extreme events and sensitivity to impact from those events. 

Exposure is determined by identifying the areas, communities, and assets located in areas where there is a high probability that the hazards will cause impact.

All Risks

0 Risks
1 Risk
2 Risks
3 Risks
4 Risks

2.1 Our Community's Main Hazards




References:

Government of Puerto Rico. Landslide and Tsunami Risk Layer. Geographic Data Portal. Retrieved from: http://www.agencias.pr.gov/agencias/gis/Pages/default.aspx.
NOAA, (2018). Storm Surge Risk Layer. National Storm Surge Hazard Maps. Retrieved from: https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/nationalsurge/.
FEMA, (2017). Flooding Risk Layer. National Flood Hazard Layer. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/national-flood-hazard-layer-nfhl

*We took the landslide, storm surge, tsunami, and flood layers and combined them with the number of risks faced by the population in each CBG.

All Risks

0 Risks
1 Risk
2 Risks
3 Risks
4 Risks

Days Since Hurricane María

130 - 160
161 - 190
191 - 230
231 - 270
> 270

2.2 Power Restoration for final 30% of consumers

After the devastating impact of Hurricanes Irma and María, it took approximately 130 days to restore power to 70% of customers

Your input showed us it took days to restore power in your community.

Places where it took longest to restore power near your community (final 30% of consumers) :

Name of Place Days to Restore Power
Milestone: PR 3351 134

References:

PREPA. Tweets @aeeonline Jan 1st to Aug 14, 2018. Retrieved from: https://twitter.com/search?q=aeeonline&src=tyah.

*PREPA data was obtained from its Twitter account @aeeonline. A total of 1,181 entries were used from 380 communities between January and August 2018.

3. Sensitivity

Puerto Rico has one of the highest levels of poverty in the developing world, which is coupled with acute spatial inequities.

In that sense, we must aim to know the location of those likely to suffer the greatest magnitude impacts when extreme events happen.

3.1 Our Community's Households with Incomes <$20,000 yr



References:

ACS (2017). Household Income In The Past 12 Months (In 2016 Inflation-adjusted Dollars). 5-yr estimates. US Census.

*We used the ‘household income less than $20,000 per year’ variable.

Households with Incomes Below $20,000 yr

0 - 35%
36 - 48%
49 - 58%
59 - 69%
> 70%

3.2 Our Community's Educational Attainment



References:

ACS (2017). Educational Attainment For The Population 25 Years And Over. 5-yr estimates. US Census. Retrieved from: https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml

 

*Calculated adding the ‘people achieving 9th grade level or less’ variable and ‘people who did not complete high school’ variable and dividing it by the population 25 years and older.

Population without a High School Diploma

0 - 14%
15 - 22%
23 - 30%
31 - 39%
> 40%

3.3 Our Community's Dependent Population



References:

ACS (2017). Age By Veteran Status By Poverty Status In The Past 12 Months By Disability Status For The Civilian Population 18 Years And Over. 5-yr estimates. US Census. Retrieved from: https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.
ACS (2017). Sex by Age. 5-yr estimates. US Census. Retrieved from: https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

 

*Calculated using the variables ‘population 18 to 64 years with disabilities (veterans, non-veterans, below the poverty level, and above the poverty level)’ and ‘population under 18 years and population 65 years and over’, divided by the total population for each CBG.

Dependent Population

0 - 44%
45 - 49%
50 - 53%
54 - 58%
> 59%

4. Adaptive Capacity

As Puerto Rico sought to recover from the devastation caused by Hurricanes Irma and María, access to the Islands’ most geographically remote communities was limited because of extensive debris across the road network. Also, close proximity to key services and goods for day to day life became fundamental for basic survival.

Nearest Primary or Secondary Road

0
0.0001 - 1 mi
1.01 - 2 mi
2.01 - 3 mi
> 3.01 mi

4.1 Our Community's Access to Roads

Type of Road Name of Road Distance (mi)
1 2 0.10
2 108 0.86
3 104 0.61

References:

Government of Puerto Rico. (2015). Roads Layers. Geographic Data Portal. Retrieved from: http://www.agencias.pr.gov/agencias/gis/Pages/default.aspx

*We used Puerto Rico’s main roads (1 and 2 digits). A three-mile radius was used to determine access to the roads for each CBG.

Essential Services

Commercial
Government
Medical
Security

4.2 Our Community's Access to Essential Services

Type of Service Category Name of Service Distance (mi)
Centro Gobierno Oficina Regional Región Mayagüez 0.61
Médicos Cdt Universidad De Puerto Rico Recinto De MayagüEz 0.24
Seguridad Bomberos Distrito Mayagüez 1.05
Shopping mall Town Center Mayagüez Town Center 0.24

References:

Government of Puerto Rico. Portal de Interconexión de Datos Abiertos de Puerto Rico. Retrieved from: https://data.pr.gov
FEMA, (2017). Community Recovery Centers. Retrieved from: https://www.fema.gov/disaster/4339/CRC
Google Maps. Lista de Centros Comerciales en Puerto Rico.

*Government Agencies: City Halls, FEMA Community Recovery Centers, Familiy Department Regional Offices, Department of Labor
Security: Fire Stations, Police Stations
Medical: Hospitals, Diagnostic and Treatment Centers, 330 Centers, Dialysis Centers
Commercial: 234 commercial centers were identified using Google Maps, then categorized as: Mega Shopping, Shopping Center, Town Center, Galería, Mall, and Plaza.

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